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What is collagen powder?
The word “collagen” is derived from the ancient Greek word κόλλα (kolla) which means “glue,” and that’s exactly what it is; collagen is the glue that holds our bodies together. Collagen powder is made up of specific amino acids – Glycine, Proline, Hydroxyproline and Arginine.
Found exclusively in the flesh and connective tissues of animals. Collagen is a part of the connective tissue that is important for skin suppleness, elasticity, firmness, and the renewal of skin cells.
Collagen makes up approximately 30% of the proteins within the body. These are tough and strong structures found all over the body: in bones, tendons and ligaments.
The Structure of collagen powder
Many Nobel laureates have been researching the structure of collagen and their possible benefits since 1930’s when collagen was first discovered.
Collagen is a fibrous protein consisting of three polypeptide chains wound around each other. Each of the three chains is a coil itself. Hydrogen bonds form between these coils, which are around 1000 amino acids in length,
this gives the structure strength and is important given collagen’s role, as a structural protein. This strength is increased by the fact that collagen molecules form further chains with other collagen molecules and form Covalent Cross Links with each other, these are staggered along the molecules to further increase its stability.
Macronutrients are required in large amounts that provide the energy needed to maintain body functions and carry out the activities of daily life. There are 3 macronutrients – carbohydrates, fats and protein. Collagen powder contains is a type of protein that the body produces naturally, and it is the most abundant protein in the human body, found in the bones, muscles, skin, and tendons making up at least 30% of the body’s total protein. Unfortunately, collagen production in the body typically tends to slow down with age, so we need to get it via supplements.
why we need collagen as we age
Skin aging is inevitable and we all age differently depending on factors such as ultraviolet rays, smoking, pollution, stress, these can wreak havoc by producing free radicals in your skin. Excessive sun exposure is the worst culprit because it reduces fibroblasts’ collagen factories, causing a thinner, weaker collagen layer, and overstimulates damage of healthy collagen.
When we are young, our skin produces a lot of collagen, but that starts to deplete around age 35, The enzymes that break down collagen, however, become overactive because of excess sun exposure and damage from years earlier. These causes wrinkles and sagging. Facial expressions usually create creases, if collagen is strong, our skin will bounce right back. But if collagen is weak, repeated movements cause permanent creases (wrinkles). Skin doesn’t have enough collagen to fill in the groove, so you see the wrinkles even when you’re not squinting or frowning,
Collagen powders are synthesized into protein chains called collagen hydrolysates and are absorbed by the body and then used directly by skin cells. Hydrolyzed collagen, otherwise known as collagen peptides, are the most effective way to deliver the amino acids needed to the skin, The hydrolyzing process breaks down collagen into a smooth, light powder. This process means the final product has a low molecular weight, so your body can easily absorb and digest the collagen powder. The powders should be dissolved in hot or cold liquid such as coffee.